Day 3 :
DePaul University College of Science and Health, USA
Time : 09:40
Jason Bussell, PhD, LAc is a President Emeritus at Illinois Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. He serves as a Vice-Chairman for Illinois State Government Board of Acupuncture and as an Adjunct Professor for DePaul University College of Science and Health, USA
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether acupuncture can improve memory and reduce anxiety.
Design, setting & subjects: A two-group, randomized, single-blind study involving 90 under- graduate university students was conducted from January to December of 2011.
Interventions: Subjects completed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) form Y-1 (State Anxiety, SA) and Y-2 (Trait Anxiety, TA). Then, each subject lay on a treatment table for 20 minutes. The acupuncture group had needles inserted into select acupoints; control subjects did not. Subjects then completed the STAI form Y-1 again, after which they completed the Automated Operation Span Task (AOSPAN) - a computerized test of working memory.
Main Outcome Measures: Performance on the AOSPAN and the STAI scores were the main measures of the outcomes.
Results: The acupuncture group scored 9.5% higher than the control group on the AOSPAN Total Correct Score (65.39 vs. 59.9, p=0.0134), and committed 36% fewer math errors (2.68 vs. 4.22, p=0.0153). Acupuncture subjects also reported lower SA after intervention than control subjects (26.14 vs. 29.63, p=0.0146).
Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, China
Keynote: Efficacy of electroacupuncture pudendal nerve stimulation in treating female stress incontinence
Time : 10:20
Siyou Wang graduated from Shanghai TCM College and obtained a Master’s degree in 1986. He got Sasakawa Medical Scholarship and studied at Kitasato University Medical School in Japan for one year (1996-1997). He is now a Professor and the Director of Neurobiological Research Section in Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian and the Director of third-Level Brain Neurobiology Laboratory of National TCM Administration. He invented electroacupuncture neurostimulation therapy for chronic voiding dysfunction. The research results on stress incontinence were published in BJU Int. and Neurourol Urodynam, and website UroToday. The research results on urgency-frequency syndrome were published in Int Urogynecol J.
Objective: To compare the efficacies of Electroacupuncture Pudendal Nerve Stimulation (EPNS) versus EMG-biofeedback (BF) assisted PFMT plus TES in treating female SUI and to evaluate the post-treatment and long-term efficacies of EPNS for female SUI.
Methods: Forty-two female SUI patients were randomized into groupsⅠand Ⅱ, 21 each. The two groups were treated by EPNS and BF-assisted PFMT plus TES, respectively, for comparison of their effects. Group Ⅲ (196 patients) were treated by EPNS for evaluation of its effects. To perform EPNS, long acupuncture needles were deeply inserted into four sacrococcygeal points and electrified to stimulate pudendal nerves. Outcome measures were stress test, 24-hour pad test and a questionnaire to measure the severity of symptoms and quality of life in SUI women.
Results: After four weeks of treatment, the questionnaire score was lower and the therapeutic effect was better in groupⅠ(questionnaire score 0 (0, 6) and a ≥50% symptom improvement rate of 85.7%, respectively) than in groupⅡ(questionnaire score 9 (5.5, 15.5) and a ≥50% symptom improvement rate of 28.6%) (both p<0.01). In group Ⅲ, complete resolution occurred in 94 cases (48.0%), with a ≥50% symptom improvement rate of 85.7%, after 20.3±16.8 sessions of treatment. At the mean follow-up of 52.9 months, complete resolution occurred in 32 (47.1%) of the 68 patients in group Ⅲ who attained ≥50% post-treatment improvement.
Conclusions EPNS is more effective than BF-assisted PFMT plus TES in treating female SUI. It has good post-treatment and long-term effects on female SUI.